Posts Tagged 'in pain'

In This World

In this world

we walk on the roof of hell

gazing at flowers.

Kobayashi Issa (translated by Robert Hass)

sweet dreams are made of mice

DO CATS DREAM: SWEET DREAMS ARE MADE OF MICE…?
Copyright 1993, Sarah Hartwell

Cats can spend up to 23 hours a day snoozing, catnapping, catching forty winks or otherwise dead to the world. They have 2 main mottos – „If in doubt, wash” and „If bored, sleep”. They are masters of the art of sleeping draped over branches or chairbacks, curled into impossibly tight balls or sprawled out, snoring, on freshly fluffed duvets. As they slumber, paws flex and relax, claws extend and retract, legs and whiskers twitch and mouths make quiet chattering or mumbling noises. Do our purry furry friends dream and, if so, of what?

Human dreams are based on things we’ve experienced, seen or read, sprinkled with a liberal dose of imagination. Cats also recall previous experiences; vanishing when the flea-spray appears. They also remember things they’ve seen – like how to open catflaps after watching other cats doing it. Scenes from wildlife programmes or ‘video catnip’ tapes, where the prey is tantalisingly out of reach, may well feature in feline dreams.

Though it may seem odd to credit cats with powers of imagination, they sometimes think problems through rather than solving them by trial and error. One pair of imaginative felines quickly worked out how to reach doorhandles by standing one on the other’s back rather than just jumping up at the handle. Others seem adept at unbolting catflaps.

Writer, Barbara Hambly credited cats with powers of imagination in her fantasy novel called, ironically, ‘Dog Wizard’. She depicted a world where magic goes awry, allowing imagined things to become real. Discovering this, several of the cats depicted in the book create, and play with, illusory mice which they ‘create’ in vivid detail. Is this what cats are doing when ‘chasing martians’ or during RPM (Rapid Paw Movement) sleep?

What do all those fast-asleep paw movements and chattering noises mean? Maybe the slumberer is remembering a hunting trip. Though not all cats have hunted real prey, they have inherited all the right instincts. Many of those fast-asleep paw movements resemble small pouncing or swatting motions. Cats often chatter in frustration when prey eludes them. By the amount of chattering my cats do when asleep, dream hunts, like real life hunts, are often unsuccessful.

If you watch closely, you might be able to work out what scenario is being enacted or re-enacted in your cat’s dream. Those little movements are all clues to what is going on inside that cute furry head. That twitching tail could mean ‘stalking prey’, ‘poised to pounce’ or ‘seen something interesting’. When followed by a paw-twitch, a whisker twitch and a raised lip (maybe even exposing the canine) the dream prey has been dispatched. Sometimes Aphrodite even licks her lips afterwards, other times she seems to be playing with her catch. Teeth chattering and tail lashing probably means the dream prey got away.

Other experiences surely feature in feline dreams. For some months after being adopted, my ex-stray, Scrapper, had violent dreams with much snarling, hind-leg thrashing and yowling as he fought some imaginary opponent. His dreams were often so violent that he showed signs of very real distress and I took to gently waking him up.

When Sappho’s owner died, unfeeling relatives wrenched the cat from her owner’s body (she was trying to wake the dead owner) and threw her outdoors to fend for herself. Traumatic incident often stick in our minds and no doubt in feline minds as well. Sappho still has occasional nightmares, waking up whimpering piteously before frantically trying to wake me up. I can only assume she has relived the death of her owner.

My bumbling, inept Aphrodite, must become ‘Rambo’ in her dreams. When asleep in my arms she mumbles, sighs, chatters, clasps my arm, nuzzles, sucks or licks me and has even delivered a killing-bite. Her tail twitches and thrashes, her whiskers twitch and her hind legs kick against me as I get used as a springboard in some dream assault upon aerial prey. Sometimes she has even raked me with fore- or hind-legs in the course of her dream.

Other pleasurable experiences such as dinner-time, kittenhood, being gently groomed, rambling-in-the-garden, rolling belly-up in sunbeams or tormenting the family dog probably feature in feline dreams. How often do you accidentally wake your cat and get rewarded by that expression which says ‘I was having such a lovely dream’? Like people, some cats must dream more vividly or imaginatively than others.

During sleep, our brain releases inhibiting substances to prevent us from acting out our dreams fully, although we may toss, turn and even talk in our sleep. The feline brain works similarly. In laboratory experiments where unfortunate feline subjects have had their brains tampered with so that those substances aren’t released, the cats act out their dreams in full. Even laboratory-bred cats which have never hunted, or even seen prey, have been observed to ‘catch birds’, ‘chase mice’ and ‘bat prey’ in the course of their dreams.

Take a peek at your slumbering cat. Are those paws patting your knitting or pouncing on prey? Is that a murmur of contentment or a curse of frustration? That belly-up, blissful snoring pose – a dream of nursing kittens, of sunbathing or of being lovingly stroked? Next time you find your cat in the land of nod, watch closely and see if you can work out what it is dreaming.

stres

Stres sau stress reprezintă sindromul de adaptare pe care individul îl realizează în urma agresiunilor mediului; ansamblu care cuprinde încordare, tensiune, constrângere, forţă, solicitare, tensiune.

Orice tip de stres apare pe fondul adaptării permanente a organismului la mediu când se poate produce un dezechilibru marcant între solicitările mediului şi posibilităţile de răspuns reale ale individului. Adaptarea presupune păstrarea integrităţii organismului care este în permanenţă ameninţată de agenţii stresori de toate tipurile. În plus adaptarea presupune realizarea unui echilibru dinamic cu mediul. Stresul apare în momentul când acest echilibru al adaptării se perturbă. Această perturbare este reversibilă. Stresul reprezintă, după Landy, un dezechilibru intens perceput subiectiv de către individ între cerinţele organismului şi ale mediului şi posibilităţile de răspuns individuale.

În funcţie de natura agentului stresor, stresul poate fi psihic, fizic, chimic şi biologic. În funcţie de numărul persoanelor afectate, stresul poate fi individual sau colectiv.

Stresul psihic

Paul Fraisse defineşte stresul psihic ca totalitatea conflictelor personale sau sociale ale individului care nu-şi găsesc soluţia pe moment. Mihai Golu defineşte stresul psihic ca stare de tensiune, încordare sau disconfort, determinată de agenţi afectogeni cu semnificaţie negativă, stare de frustrare (reprimare) a unor trebuinţe, dorinţe sau aspiraţii.

Stresul psihic are un dublu caracter: primar şi secundar. Caracterul primar vorbeşte depre stres ca rezultat al unei agresiuni recepţionată direct în plan psihic. Caracterul secundar vorbeşte depre stres ca reacţie de conştientizare în plan psihic a unui stres fizic, căruia individul îi acordă o semnificaţie de realipula. Caracteristicile stresului psihic – Agenţii stresori psihici sunt: stimulii verbali (inclusiv cei care aparţin limbajului interior) care sunt vehiculaţi pe căi nervoase la cortex. Aceştia se diferenţiază total de celelalte categorii de agenţi stresori din cauza semnificaţiei lor, pentru individ ei având caracter potenţial de a produce stres psihic. Acest caracter potenţial este validat de semnificaţia cu care îl investeşte individul. Unul şi acelaşi agent stresor psihic, în afară de faptul că nu produce stres psihic la toţi indivizii, nu produce stres psihic de fiecare dată la acelaşi individ. Acest lucru este condiţionat de dispoziţiile de moment ale individului şi de semnificaţia pe care o acordă în acel moment individul. Apariţia şi amploarea stresului psihic depind mult de caracterele genetice ale individului (caractere cognitive, voliţionale, motivaţionale şi afective).

Vulnerabilitatea psihică la stres este constituţională sau dobândită. Vulnerabilitatea psihică este o trăsătură proprie doar anumitor persoane şi se manifestă prin reacţionare uşoară, prin stare de stres psihic, la o gamă largă de agenţi stresori.

Situaţii generatoare de stres psihic:

  • existenţa unor circumstanţe neobişnuite pentru individ care îl surprind pe acesta nepregătit pentru a le face faţă.
  • semnificaţia unui eveniment.
  • angajarea individului într-o acţiune sau relaţie exagerată.
  • particularităţile contextului social.
  • lipsa condiţiilor interne.
  • modul subiectiv de a percepe solicitările mediului.
  • subsolicitare / suprasolicitare.
  • situaţiile conflictuale existente în familie, profesie sau la nivel intelectual.
  • criza de timp.
  • izolarea.
  • apariţia unui obstacol fizic sau psihic în calea unui scop care duce la frustrare.
  • situaţii perturbatoare cauzate de agenţi fizici (zgomote, vibraţii, fluctuaţii de temperatură).

sursa http://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stres

Am dormit rau, cu Iris cocotata pe spatele meu apoi ascunsa pe sub plapuma. Toarce. Tot visez ca avem portar la librarie, care saluta clientii in locul meu si atunci cand acestia nu raspund la salut ii electrocuteaza.

Ce-o mai fi vrand sa insemne si asta?

Printre altele, aseara mi-am dat seama ca oricat de mult mi-as dori sa ma mut  in Budapesta, daca mi s-ar oferi ocazia as refuza de teama. Cu toate astea, azi am aplicat pentru job.Nu sper nimic.

self destructive

pink floyd-ish rain check

bad day for a walk

 

dona

dona

mi-a murit cainele